Victory in the Pacific

On the 6th and 9th August 1945, the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki respectively. On 9th August, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. The Japanese Government on the 10th August communicated its intention to surrender under the terms of the Potsdam Declaration.

The news of the Japanese offer triggered early celebrations around the world. Allied soldiers danced in London, Americans and Frenchmen in Paris paraded on the Champs-Elysees singing “Don’t Fence Me in”.

A little after noon on the 15th August 15 1945, Emperor Hirohito's announcement of Japan's acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Declaration was broadcast to the Japanese people over the radio. Earlier the same day, the Japanese government had broadcast an announcement over Radio Tokyo that had advised the Allies of the surrender by sending a cable to U.S. President Harry S Truman. A nationwide broadcast by Truman was aired at seven o'clock p.m. on Tuesday, 14th August announcing the communication and that the formal event was scheduled for the 2nd September. In his announcement of Japan's surrender on the 14th August, Truman said that "the proclamation of V-J Day must wait upon the formal signing of the surrender terms by Japan".

Since the European Axis Powers had surrendered three months earlier (VE Day), VJ Day was the effective end of World War II, with peace finally arriving after 6 long years.